News & Updates

Caution Urged Against Knee-jerk Vaccination Policies

Liam A Entwistle

Published byLiam A Entwistle

21st January 2021

Caution Urged Against Knee-jerk Vaccination Policies

Liam Entwistle, employment law specialist and chairman at Wright, Johnston & Mackenzie LLP, is urging employers to be mindful of workers’ statutory rights after London company Pimlico Plumbers revealed it was considering making it mandatory for new hires to have been vaccinated.

The UK’s COVID-19 vaccination drive has been in the spotlight since the rollout began in December 2020. Many frontline workers and carers are now receiving the vaccine, however, there is growing concern about anti-vaccination information and the effects it may be having on some workplaces. This is a particular concern in relation to care home employees.

A UK care home provider recently revealed it had made coronavirus vaccination compulsory for new employees, and declared existing staff would face dismissal if they refused to be vaccinated. This has raised questions around whether an employer can legally introduce this kind of rule.

Having a workplace vaccination policy isn’t necessarily wrong, if there is a genuine occupational requirement. The starting point for an employer is to ask themselves if staff must be vaccinated against COVID-19 in order to carry out their particular job. If the answer is yes, then the key step is the implementation of any vaccination policy.

Employers must follow a fair, reasonable and thought-out implementation procedure. If an employer dismisses a staff member on the spot for refusing the vaccine, it could be an unfair dismissal as there was no clear process or balanced approach. The best way to start is by notifying your workforce they will have to be vaccinated within a certain time period, and ask those who may have objections to come forward. If you do receive objections, listen to the reasoning. A person may not wish to receive the vaccine due to a philosophical or religious belief system. Meanwhile, there are those who may not be able to receive it due to a disability. Therefore, insisting that these groups receive the vaccine could lead to a discrimination claim.

If staff cite a reason which appears to be inspired by unsubstantiated anti-vaccination information, share the information that you are relying on with them and give them the opportunity to understand the basis for your decision. If you’ve given them time to consider their decision, taking into account the information you provided, and they do not change their mind, then a dismissal could be within the band of reasonable responses, and therefore fair.

It’s worth noting this is not a blanket rule for employers, as processes will differ depending on the workplace. As an employer, you must be able to prove your workforce could not continue to work in the absence of a vaccine. That is why there is no ‘one size fits all’ vaccination policy.

If an employer moves too quickly, doesn’t give staff members a chance to share their concerns, and doesn’t try to educate those who are against vaccination before making any decisions, they could be entering into the realms of unfair dismissal. Introducing knee-jerk ‘no jab no job’ rules will almost certainly end in claims.

Wright, Johnston & Mackenzie LLP are able to advise on a wide range of employment law matters. If you’re concerned about your workplace’s policy on Covid-19 vaccinations, whether as an employer or employee, call 0141 248 3434 or email

The information contained in this newsletter is for general guidance only and represents our understanding of relevant law and practice as at January 2021. Wright, Johnston & Mackenzie LLP cannot be held responsible for any action taken or not taken in reliance upon the contents. Specific advice should be taken on any individual matter. Transmissions to or from our email system and calls to or from our offices may be monitored and/or recorded for regulatory purposes. Authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered office: 302 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, G2 5RZ. A limited liability partnership registered in Scotland, number SO 300336.